For decades now and despite the peace agreement signed in 2013, intercommunal violence and armed groups conflicts in the DRC have caused people to flee their own region. In total, there are an estimated of 4.8 million Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in the country with the Kivus, Ituri, Kasai and Tanganyika the most concerned and more than 856,000 people from the DRC seeking refuge in neighbouring countries. The consequences of these population movements remain catastrophic as IDPs represent a significant percentage of people in acute livelihood and food crisis. Official figures estimated that 15.92 million people face food insecurity including 6 million children suffer from chronic malnutrition which is considering to be the second largest hunger crisis. This is mainly a result of the widespread activity of armed groups, but also linked to poor infrastructure that limits agricultural and economic activities in rural areas, as well as weather conditions. Moreover, people in need are often located in remote areas hardly accessible for humanitarian actors.
The country currently faces several disease epidemics, including Cholera and Ebola, which is the second largest and deadliest outbreak in the world. DRC is an area where disease is becoming more prevalent because of unsafe hygiene practices and the lack of drinking water supplies for people displaced by the conflict. 7 million Congolese are experiencing severely substandard sanitary conditions because of the failing health system. The country’s already restricted and deteriorating infrastructures are dramatically inadequate, due to poor maintenance, and are overwhelmed by the population influx. Due to all of these reasons a dramatic increase in confirmed cases have been registered since 2019 and the death toll to date stands at 2 185.
- 84 millions inhabitants
- 72,5% poverty rate
- 176th out of 188 on the Human Development Index
opened in 2000
- Team 26 international staff
210 national staff
- Budget €16.23 M
SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL aims to meet the basic needs of displaced populations in conflict areas through rapid response mechanisms to ensure access and delivery of essential services in a responsive manner. We works in the provinces of South Kivu, North Kivu, zones that alone account for 61% of the country’s recorded cases of cholera and ebola. We have been able to develop an epidemic warning system by boosting the capacities of communities and local authorities and to support them in water supply.
Our teams are also responsible for rehabilitating and disinfecting water points to prevent them from failing and causing an outbreak of cholera. They are also working on extending the water network in the town of Kalemie, located in one of the disease’s biggest outbreak centers. Lastly, a home chlorination program using chlorinated solutions produced by local entrepreneurs is designed to rejuvenate the local market and empower those living there.
In a country suffering the consequences of both cholera epidemics and armed conflict, the humanitarian aid organizations in the DRC are on hand to respond efficiently to emergencies, by means of an emergency response plan for IDPs. One of the other consequences of instability is food insecurity, particularly during the hunger season, when food stocks are almost non-existent. By distributing seeds and organizing food fairs, we are able to help relaunch the local market, to empower locals and help them regain their independence.
To meet the vital needs of people in the Kasai region, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has set up chlorination points and built sanitation and hygiene facilities, distributing kits of essential items and cash.
SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL provided effective and rapid emergency assistance to quickly relieve populations affected by a crisis (epidemic, conflict, climate hazard). As much as possible, SI has tried to link this response with a post-emergency response, in order to provide communities with the means to rebuild their capacities and recover. At the same time, this logic calls for a longer-term response that contributes to stabilizing and strengthening community resilience, with the ultimate goal of empowering vulnerable populations from humanitarian support.
Emergency response to population movements
669,853 people helped
– Delivered emergency supply of drinking water
– Constructed latrines, showers, waste holes
– Prepositioned and distributed essential household kits
– Donated essential items
– Organized 40 trade fairs
– Trained community liaisons
– Food ration distributions
– Distribution of seeds and agricultural tools
– Agricultural training sessions
– Support for shelter reconstruction using the cash for shelter methodology
Water, sanitation and hygiene
533,793 people helped
– Strengthened empowerment of water point management committees
– Strengthened empowerment of latrine management committees
– Supported chlorine producers
– Construction and rehabilitation of water points
– Emergency Chlorination
– Chlorination of water points
– Installation of chlorination points
– Latrine and household disinfection
– Distribution of water purifiers
– Pipe replacement
– Commissioning of hyper hydrants
– Hygiene awareness sessions door-to-door and in schools.
– Training of community relay agents
Food security and livelihoods
355,885 people helped
– Distributed agricultural inputs, organized agricultural trade fairs and training sessions
– Created cash-for-work activities
– Provided unconditional cash assistance
– Provided support to communities
– Conducted participatory analysis of risks, vulnerabilities and capacities in event of population movements
Should you have any questions, please contact Justine Muzik Piquemal.
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