Central African Republic

A forgotten crisis within a context of armed conflict
+50% of the population in need of humanitarian assistance
71% of the population was living below the international poverty line in 2018
640 000 displaced people due to armed conflicts
273 800 people helped


Since 2013, the Central African Republic, and more specifically the north-west part of the country, has been plagued by considerable instability, with ongoing tensions between ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka armed groups.

Actually, CAR is suffering from a serious protection crisis, insecurity continues to represent a major concern and armed groups have a very strong control on the country. Between January and August 2020, 1,104 violations of the APPR by the six majors signatories were recorded, 13% more than during the same period in 2019 (HNO, October 2020).

About 0.64 million Central Africans are internally displaced due to clashes between armed groups, inter-community violence, attacks on the civilian population, etc. 67% of these IDPs live with host families and 33% live in camps. In addition, 624,000 Central Africans are refugees in neighbouring countries (Cameroon, DRC, Chad, Sudan, etc.).

Because of security, socio-economic and health crisis (COVID-19, etc.), in 2021, around 2.8 million Central Africans are in need of humanitarian assistance and around ¾ have urgent needs (1.9 million people).

Between May and August 2021, around 51% of the Central African population will face food insecurity (753,000 people in phase 4 and 1,609,000 people in phase 3), (IPC, May 2020).

The national prevalence of SAM (1.8%) is close to the emergency threshold, with a GAM of around 5.8%. The loss of livelihoods represents a factor limiting people’s access to essential care and nutrition.

Nearly 2.5 million people (0.4 million fewer children and 0.1 million fewer pregnant and nursing women) will need humanitarian assistance in the health sector (Health Cluster, October 2020). As a matter of fact, the successive crises have dismantled the already very fragile activities of health prevention, primary and secondary health care, early warning mechanisms and rapid response capacities in case of epidemics. The country is still facing epidemics (measles, monkey pox, rabies, etc.) but precisely the Covid-19 pandemic, which control constitutes a national problem.

In CAR, access of the population to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services remains very low in both urban and rural areas. According to the Directorate General of Hydraulic Resources (DGRH), the water coverage rate is around 32% and less than 30% for sanitation. The emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic highlighted the inadequacy of WASH services both at the level of health structures and at the community level to reduce the risks of the spread of the disease.

The government is gradually seeking to expand its presence beyong the capital. National capacities remain very low and the social services available to the population are limited.

  • 4.9 million inhabitants
  • 71% of the population live below the poverty line in 2018
  • 188th out of 189 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2006
  • Team 20 international staff
    177 national staff
  • Budget 6.4M€

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL intervenes around the towns of Paoua and Kaga-Bandoro where live many displaced people.

Our teams are rehabilitating water and sanitation infrastructures, while training water management committees to ensure their sustainability. Our campaigns to raise awareness about hygiene and the use of water points help to cope with the strong pressure coming from the massive influx of populations. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL supplies drinking water to families, but also to farmers, by repairing some defective boreholes and ensuring the transport and storage of this water to their land, helping to improve food security.

Community work facilitates agricultural, pastoral and commercial activities, thus increasing the availability of food and boosting the market. Our teams also provide tool kits, seeds and training to farmers and herders.

Thanks to a rapid emergency response mechanism and the constitution of an emergency stockpile, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is ready to intervene from the very first hours of a man-made or natural disaster in order to ensure access to drinking water and a healthy environment for populations made vulnerable to a shock, a natural disaster or an epidemic.


European Union (ECHO), DFIDUNICEF, CHF, UK AID, BHA, CIAA, CDCS, Local communities

Our impact

water sanitation

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)

Approximately 1 975 715 beneficiaries

– Strengthening the capacities of communes and populations as far as sanitation and hygiene are concerned
– Implementing community-led total sanitation projects
– Supporting the water management committees (sanitation and hygiene)
– Campaigns to promote good sanitation and hygiene practices
– Distribution of non food items (NFI)/WASH kits for the treatment of acute malnutrition
– Construction/Rehabilitation of protected water points
– Construction/Rehabilitation of sanitary structures (latrines, showers)
– Construction/Rehabilitation of water and sanitation infrastructure in health facilities and at the community level

food security

Food security

Approximately 14 739 beneficiaries

– Food assistance (distribution of kits, cash transfer)
– Support for food production and market gardening (distribution of inputs, tools, training, etc.)

Essential household items and shelters

– Establishment of shelters committees
– Technical and in-kind support for shelters reconstruction
– Distribution of essential household items

Should you have any questions, please contact Justine Muzik Piquemal.

Justine Muzik Piquemal

In the world


At head office