Cameroon

Caught up between two wars
250,000 Central Africans have taken refuge in Cameroon
79% of them are in the eastern part of the country
60% of the population had access to drinking water before the crisis in the CAR
26,662 people helped

Context

Since the end of 2013 and the escalation in violence in the Central African Republic, more than 250,000 people have fled to Cameroon, and to Gado, the region’s biggest refugee camp, with 23,000 inhabitants.

This influx saw a 10% population increase in certain areas, affecting access to basic necessities and the sharing of resources.

With just 60% of the population able to access safe drinking water prior to the Central African crisis, the pressure exerted on already stretched resources has seen needs escalate. Sanitation infrastructure is overloaded. Drinking water is becoming scarce. Access to land and pastures can often be a source of conflict. For as long as the situation in CAR remains volatile, it is difficult for refugees to consider a return.

Following an initial phase where urgent needs are met, the current transition context requires more long-term solutions so as to make it easier for people to function autonomously.

  • 22 million inhabitants
  • 37.5% poverty rate
  • 153rd out of 188 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2014
  • Team 9 international staff
    77 national staff
  • Budget €2 M

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has been working in the eastern part of the country since July 2014, with Central African refugees and host communities. Having supplied the Gado camp with drinking water via tankers, to meet the most urgent needs, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is now rehabilitating and constructing water points, latrines, showers, waste management infrastructures and a water conveyance network.

As our projects adopt a participative approach, we set up community infrastructure management committees so as to ensure their continuity over the long term. Hygiene awareness-raising campaigns and regular monitoring of water quality both help to reduce the spread of water-borne diseases. Our teams are also implementing activities designed to manage resources that have been over-used since the massive influx of refugees.

With Central African refugees tending to stay permanently, both they and their host communities have been offered various income-generating activities, particularly for the purposes of farming, made possible by the distribution of cash, tools and seeds. At the same time, communities are taught about good eating habits, particularly the most vulnerable households whose children are suffering from severe malnutrition.

Partners

UNHCR, European Union (ECHO), Mairie de Paris, GIZ, BPRM, DFID

Our impact

water sanitation

Water, sanitation and hygiene

16,140 people helped

– 12 months water-trucking distribution
– 14 wells and 12 water points built and restored
– 24 water management committees trained
– 128 toilet blocks (latrines/showers) built and restored
– 4 waste management pits and 10 washing stations installed
– hygiene awareness sessions conducted  through door-to-door campaigns and focus groups
– Management of the Garoua Boulai transit site infrastructures for 9 months

food security

Food security and livelihood support

9,425 people helped

– Market gardening seeds distributed to 500 households
– Food vouchers or cash grants distributed
– Income-generating activities supported and strenghtened

Shelters

1,097 people helped

– 225 shelters constructed  on Gado camps

Should you have any questions, please contact Caroline Courtois

Caroline Courtois

Vacancies

20
At head office
34
Worldwide
7
Internships