Nearly 80% of the population is plagued by significant structural poverty. Similarly, the arrival of Central African and Nigerian refugees has considerably increased the pressure on natural resources, causing tensions between refugees and host communities.
The crisis in the Far North region is having a serious impact on the whole country, particularly on local economic activities and livelihoods. Indeed, the closure of the border with Nigeria has disrupted agricultural and economic activities, including trade, and increased the need for protection of the population. This insecurity was particularly notable in the North-West and South-West regions, with 1 093.000 people in a situation of food insecurity in 2019.
Structural food insecurity, poverty and limited access to basic services are exacerbated by displacement. Indeed, more than 55% of the rural population has no access to drinking water and 80% to basic sanitation at national level, which is illustrated by 851 confirmed cases of cholera in the northern regions between 2018 and July 2019. There is therefore a rapid and increasing deterioration in the living conditions of both host and displaced populations.
Moreover, in the eastern region in particular, the agricultural production systems in the area remain unproductive and the increasing pressure on natural resources has led to a loss of soil fertility, which has contributed to the deterioration of the relation between refugees and host communities.
- 24.9 million inhabitants
- 37.5% poverty rate
- 153rd out of 188 on the Human Development Index
opened in 2014
- Team 11 international staff
102 national staff
- Budget €4 M
SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has developed an emergency approach combined with a policy to remain in the country: an emergency assistance phase, such as its intervention in the country’s eastern region since July 2014, for the Central African refugee populations and their host communities. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is present in the Garoua Boulaï – Bétaré Oya axis, acknowledged as one of the main SAME actors in the area.
SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has led many projects to improve the WASH conditions of the refugees and host population; about 52.000 people benefitted from these projects including approx. 24.000 in Gado refugee camp. The stakes are linked to the sustainability of water access and sanitation infrastructures. Food insecurity and the lack of income caused by displacement render the empowerment of people a priority.
Therefore, in order to protect the livelihoods of vulnerable populations exposed to natural hazards, notably floods and epidemics, and sudden population movements, viable and appropriate preparedness measures were required; rapid response mechanisms and early alert systems were therefore set-up, such as an emergency assistance in the in the far north region.
Another approach focused on empowering people is advocated in the far North and North, a region prone to instability. In the Far North, in partnership with other NGO (Action Against Hunger, CARE, the French Red Cross, Première Urgence Internationale and ALIMA), SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is working to fight malnutrition, lack of access to water, the prevalence of waterborne diseases and, above all, to focus its intervention on building the capacities of local populations and actors. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL continues to improve the sanitation and hygiene conditions of the targeted populations, especially in schools and health centers.
Water, sanitation and hygiene
70 747 people helped
– Improving the coverage in terms of sanitation infrastructures (Creation of waste pits and waste management systems)
– Implementing total sanitation projects led by communities
– Constructing/rehabilitating of protected water points, supporting the water network in a refugee camp
– Communes capacity-building in terms of sanitation and hygiene
– Training hygiene and sanitation committees
– Campaigns promoting good hygiene and sanitation practices
– Distributing NFI/WASH kits, in the context of the fight against acute malnutrition
Food security and livelihood support
12 502 people helped
– Rehabilitation of market structure.
– Developing revenue-generating activities in relation with promising economic sectors and AVEC (?) development
– Food aid
– Unconditional and conditional cash transfers
– Supporting food and market gardening production (input distribution, tools, promotion of agro-ecological practices, school-farming fields)
– Institutional reinforcement of the communes
– Contributing to the national early alert system
Should you have any questions, please contact Thierry Benlahsen,
At head office