www.solidarites.org

Cameroon

Struck by three humanitarian crises
4.9 million people affected by nutrition and food insecurity
977 000 refugees
2.9 million people are in need of urgent medical care
25 400 people helped

Context

Since early 2019, the security situation has significantly deteriorated throughout the country, making it difficult for humanitarian organizations to get access, especially in the far North.

The region remains in a state of constant insecurity because of Boko Haram’s presence and direct confrontations with the Cameroonian army.

The incoming of Centrafrican and Nigerian refugees has drastically increased the pressure on natural resources, which can often raise tensions between the refugees and host communities.

The crisis in the Far North has had serious consequences throughout the country, especially on economic activities and local livelihoods. The closure of the border with Nigeria has greatly disrupted agricultural and economic activities, especially trade, and has increased the need to protect the population.

In March 2020, 2,650,432 people are in a dire food situation (phases 3 and 4), 783,827 of which are located in the North-West and South-West regions.

Structural food insecurity, poverty and limited access to basic services are exacerbated by displacements. More than 55% of the rural population does not have access to drinking water and 80% to national basic sanitation, making them more vulnerable to pandemics.

Since early 2020, 14,497 cases of cholera have been reported, mainly in the Center, South, South-West and Coastal regions (figures: August 2020). Therefore, there is a rapid and increasing deterioration of living conditions for both displaced and host populations.

Moreover, in the Eastern region, agricultural production systems remain moderately productive and growing pressure on natural resources has led to a loss of soil fertility. Which, in turn, has contributed to deteriorating the relations between the refugees and the host communities.

  • 26 545 864 million inhabitants
  • 28.7% poverty rate
  • 150th out of 189 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2014
  • Team 4 international staff
    71 national staff
  • Budget 4.2M€

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has developed an emergency as well as a development approach in the country. An emergency assistance phase, such as its intervention in the country’s eastern region since July 2014, for the Central African refugees and the host communities. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is also present in the Garoua Boulaï – Bétaré Oya route, as one of the main actors for food security and livelihoods in the area.

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has led several projects in order to improve the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) conditions of both the refugees and the host populations. About 52,000 people benefitted from these projects including 24,000 in Gado refugee camp. The main challenge is the durability of water access and sanitation infrastructures. Food insecurity and the lack of income caused by displacement make people empowerment a priority.

As a result, in order to protect the livelihood of vulnerable populations facing natural hazards – such as floods or epidemics – as well as sudden population displacements, viable and appropriate preparation measures were required. Therefore, rapid response mechanisms and early warning systems have been implemented, such as an emergency assistance in the far North. In 2019, following the pouring rains in several regions of Cameroon, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has provided an emergency aid to populations in the far North where these floods have affected more than 40,000 people.

Another approach, focusing on population empowerment, is encouraged in the far North and the North as those regions are prone to instability. In the Far North, In partnership with other NGOs (Action Against Hunger, CARE, the French Red Cross, Première Urgence Internationale and ALIMA), SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is working to fight malnutrition, lack of water access, the prevalence of waterborne diseases and, above all, to focus its intervention on building the capacities of local populations and entities. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL keeps on improving the sanitation and hygiene conditions of the populations, especially within schools and healthcare centers.

Partners

European Union (ECHO), UnicefAgence de l’Eau Artois et Picardie, SEPG, Communauté d’Agglomération de Béthune, AUD Saint-Omer, PAM, GAC, Start Fund, BHA, CDC, CIAA, DUE, AFD, Collectivité Artoicomm, Althémis, Mairie de Paris, Smartpharma

Our impact

water sanitation

Water, sanitation and hygiene

70 747 beneficiaries

– Improving the sanitation infrastructures coverage in (creation of waste pits and waste management systems)
– Implementing total sanitation projects led by the local community
– Building/renovating protected water points, supporting the water network in a refugee camp
– Building the towns’ capacities in terms of sanitation and hygiene
– Creating hygiene and sanitation committees
– Creating campaigns to promote good hygiene and sanitation practices
– Distributing non food items (NFI)/water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) kits, in the framework of the fight against acute malnutrition

food security

Food security and livelihood

12 502 beneficiaries

– Renovating a market structure
– Developing revenue-generating activities in relation with booming economic sectors and Village Savings and Loan Associations development
– Food aid
– Unconditional and conditional cash transfers
– Supporting food and market gardening productions (input distribution, tools, promotion of agroecological practices, farmer field school)
– Institutional reinforcement of the towns
– Contributing to the national early alert system

Should you have any questions, please contact Thierry Benlahsen,

Thierry Benlahsen

Vacancies

10
At head office
48
Worldwide
2
Internships