SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL started supporting the Afghan people in 1980. The organization was present throughout all conflict periods, striving to minimize the negative impact of various regime changes on the people’s situation and life. After the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001, thousands of Afghan refugees came back home, generating a sudden overpopulation and representing an additional pressure upon meagre resources and neglected management. The security situation did not improve in the years that followed, with the conflict between armed groups and national and international security forces generating destruction, displacement, disruption of public services and eventually widespread food insecurity.
Due to excessive land exploitation, the country also regularly faces natural disasters, notably floods that destroy crops. Since 2014 and the beginning of military operations launched by the Pakistani government in border areas, 270 000 Pakistanis have fled. The majority sought refuge in communities located in the Khost and Paktika provinces, or headed to Gulan’s refugee camp. Since SI terminated its operations in Afghanistan, the conflict has still not calmed down, impacting Afghan families in almost all provinces and preventing them from peacefully rebuilding their lives and their country.
These past few years, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL worked in the provinces of Bamiyan and Wardak and Kunduz, and also in the Gulan camp in Khost : with families displaced because of conflict, with Pakistani refugees and with host communities.
In Gulan, overcrowding has sometimes led to water shortages. Our teams have improved and expanded the water distribution networks in the area to provide everyone with sustainable access to drinking water. To prevent diseases from spreading, sanitation and waste treatment systems were put in place, in parallel to the construction of latrines and showers. These projects were accompanied by training in the maintenance of these infrastructures and hygiene promotion campaigns.
In order to assist the most vulnerable people affected by conflict or natural disasters, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL teams provided an immediate and qualitative response to their basic needs: food, shelter and hygiene. Actions were carried out within the context of the Emergency Response Mechanism (ERM), which brings together several NGOs and makes it possible to cover a large part of the country.
In Bamiyan, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL addressed food insecurity – chronic in the whole country – through resource management activities to limit the impact of natural disasters by providing training in agricultural techniques such as sack farming or improving irrigation systems. The most vulnerable households benefited from income-generating activities or cash distributions.
In Kunduz, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL implemented multisectoral programs to support displaced people in this border area within the Afghan conflict. These interventions took place in 2018 and Kunduz was the last field base closed by SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL in Afghanistan.
Should you have any questions, please contact Thierry Benlahsen,
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