South Sudan

A fragile reconstruction
2/3 of the population are in need of humanitarian aid, 7.5 million people
4 million people have been displaced by the conflict
6.4 million people suffer from food insecurity
226,000 people helped


The political instability that has prevailed in South Sudan since 2013 has led to a series of protracted crises in the country.

Despite a political context more stable with the formation of a unified government on February 22, 2020, intercommunity violence remains significant in several areas of the country. Humanitarian needs remain extremely high and a cause for concern. Of the 11.2 million South Sudanese living in the country, 7.5 million are in need of humanitarian assistance or protection. In addition, massive displacement has exacerbated already high humanitarian needs. Currently, 1.7 million people are internally displaced within the country and 2.2 million people have found shelter in neighboring countries. The protracted nature of the conflict has led to an accumulation of mutually aggravating needs, particularly in terms of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) as well as food security and livelihoods (FSL).

In Upper Nile State, near the border with Sudan, the civil war has led to the displacement of many people from the big cities to camps, but also to host communities such as Aburoc. In this swamp, which dries up during the dry season, access to water and sanitation services is a daily challenge. Food and nutrition insecurity has contributed to increased mortality rates due to the limited level of WASH services and exposure to high risks of waterborne diseases. Despite urgent humanitarian needs, humanitarian assistance provided in the region is very limited. As a consequence of the peace agreement signed in February 2020, more refugee returns are expected from neighboring countries, particularly from Sudan, to their villages of origin, which could put considerable pressure on existing facilities and already limited services.

In Western Bahr el Ghazal State, settlements are clustered in towns, along roads and in remote areas. Since 2016, the armed conflict between opposition and government forces has resulted in massive population displacements in the internally displaced persons camps in Wau and in Raja counties. The recently signed peace agreement provides some confidence to the population: most of those who fled to rural areas are now slowly returning to urban centers, although fear of violence still prevents many from returning. Furthermore, the state is receiving an increasing number of returnees as the 2020 planting season approaches. The protracted crisis in Southern Sudan, coupled with massive displacement, has exacerbated an already complex situation, increasing pressure on existing limited infrastructure and services and creating significant multi-sectoral needs, especially for the most vulnerable.

In Jonglei State, the main driver of the crisis is the increasing variability of rainfall during the rainy seasons. On 2019, Nyirol county was severely affected by floods that lasted several months, with the water not completely gone until February 2020. This affected the long-term vulnerability of the population as food stocks, houses, crops and basic infrastructure were destroyed and coping strategies were exhausted. The population is highly dependent on general food distribution, with low resilience to shocks. Agricultural production levels are generally low and further reduced by the floods. This year’s floods have again affected the food security and livelihoods, shelter and access to basic services of a very vulnerable population that is already trying to recover from last year’s emergency.

The region of Juba, the capital of Central Equatoria State, previously prone to cholera epidemics and the threat of Ebola virus spread from neighboring DRC, is particularly exposed to COVID-19 as it is the main center of the epidemic and the most congested city in the country. Moreover, access to water, sanitation and hygiene is also compromised as this context can slow activities and restrict movement within Juba. Most people in Juba depend on water tankers and functional water points do not allow the population to be self-sufficient in drinking water. Furthermore, many parts of Juba are low income and high density, such as Munuki Payam. Needs are particularly high and immediate humanitarian assistance is mandatory to improve behavior and practices to prevent the spread of disease in these overcrowded areas.

  • 11.2 million inhabitants
  • 82% poverty rate
  • 186th out of 189 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2006
  • Team 12 international staff
    39 national staff
  • Budget 2M€

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL improves preparedness and response to acute multisectoral needs by providing immediate, integrated and primary responses to crises affecting the most vulnerable populations, while restoring access to basic services through multisectoral and integrated programs to increase resilience through medium-term projects.

In Upper Nile, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL provides an essential response in water, sanitation and hygiene as well as food security and livelihoods to the most acute needs of populations in Fashoda County affected by the conflicts. SI also aims at a sustainable solution for the water supply of the populations in the region.

In Western Bahr el-Ghazal, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is providing integrated health, nutrition and emergency water and sanitation services as well as an integrated emergency food security response to improve the nutritional status of host communities, displaced persons and returnees in Raja County, in consortium with a health sector partner.

In Jonglei State, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is conducting multisectoral assessments and intervening in emergency preparedness, water supply, emergency sanitation, hygiene promotion in the absence of other actors, in addition to a water, sanitation and hygiene response to the COVID-19 epidemic.

In the Juba region, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL contributes to the reduction of waterborne diseases and diseases with epidemic potential, particularly cholera, Ebola and COVID-19 through water supply, emergency sanitation, hygiene promotion for vulnerable communities. The mission also supports health centers in the area by providing equipment, training for health personnel and health infrastructure.


OFDA, SSHFDG ECHO, UNICEF, The ELMA Foundation, SmartPharma, Centre de Crise et de Soutien, CIAA, Pays Voironnais, Fondation AGIR, Fondation BIC, Fondation Tolkien

Our impact

water sanitation

Water, sanitation and hygiene

185 922 beneficiaries

– Water treatment
– Distribution of water, hygiene and sanitation items
– Distribution of essential household goods
– Excavation and rehabilitation of boreholes
– Rehabilitation of water points
– Installation of surface water treatment units
– Water chlorination, prevention and response to cholera and COVID-19
– Construction and rehabilitation of institutional, communal and individual latrines
– Mass hygiene and door-to-door awareness campaigns
– Support for a community-based prevention and control system
– Infection prevention and control in several health centers
– Distribution of personal protective equipment for health care workers

food security

Food security and livelihood

21 600 beneficiaries

– Distribution of emergency and annual seeds
– Distribution of farming and fishing tools
– Training in agriculture and fishing
– Training to Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) to detect malnutrition
– Distribution of cash

Emergency response to population movements

94 737 beneficiaries

– Emergency drinking water supply
– Distribution of emergency water, hygiene and sanitation items
– Distribution of essential household goods
– Rehabilitation of water points
– Hygiene awareness campaigns door-to-door and in public places
– Water chlorination, prevention and response to cholera and COVID-19

Should you have any questions, please contact Justine Muzik Piquemal.

Justine Muzik Piquemal

In the world


At head office