South Sudan

Caught in a trap
42% of the population are in need of humanitarian aid (7.2 million people)
3.2 million people have been displaced by the conflict
30,000 people have found refuge in the UN camp in Malakal
226,000 people helped


The cumulative effects of years of conflict, violence and destroyed livelihoods have left more than 7 million people in dire need of humanitarian assistance and protection in 2019. However, the recently Revitalized Peace Agreement on the resolution of the conflict in South Sudan allowed a relative calm in 2019 and offered new opportunities for South Sudan’s women, men and children.

The return movements (ex-refugees and ex-IDPs) that began in 2019 might continue due to the global stability.

In South Sudan, population movements remain fluid and displacement widespread, 2.2 million South Sudanese are hosted in neighbouring countries and 1.5 million are internally displaced. This country hosts also more than 300 000 refugees and asylum seekers mostly from Sudan. Unfortunately, these IDPs and refugees are highly dependent on humanitarian assistance as 6.35 million people face severe food insecurity (54% of the total population) and undernutrition affects 1 301 000 children under five years old. Additionally, health risks grew and the State has difficulty to supply basic health services and infrastructures. South Sudan is unable to cope with respiratory infections, diarrhoea and cholera with a high risk of Ebola Virus Disease crossing over from neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo.

Western Bahr El Ghazal has always been affected by conflict, undermining its capacity to develop resilience. Since the outbreak of the civil war in 2013, many areas have not been able to ensure access to basic health and hygiene services, as well as food stocks, creating chronic malnutrition.

The area of capital city Juba is prone to cholera outbreaks, which can lead all the way up the Nile to the north of the country. The destruction of infrastructure during the civil war has made the fight against cholera extremely challenging. Furthermore, the threat of an Ebola virus spread from neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo would cause a disaster.

In northern Upper Nile State, near the border with Sudan, the civil conflict has caused the displacement of many people away from major cities, towards camps but also among host communities such as Aburoc. In this swampland that dries up in the dry season, access to water and sanitation services is a daily challenge.

  • 12.5 million inhabitants
  • 91.9% poverty rate
  • 186th out of 189 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2006
  • Team 11 international staff
    45 national staff
  • Budget €2,8 M

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has focused on addressing the most urgent needs of conflict, epidemic (including cholera and ebola) and natural disaster (such as heavy rains and seasonal droughts) affected population through Rapid Response Mechanism. This approach remains relevant and central to its responses in South Sudan as the crises evolution remain uncertain and the eminent epidemics outbreaks affecting the majority of the population remains a major risk. Indeed, teams are responding to Ebola outbreaks mainly in the southern state of Central Equatoria in the Juba area, due to the proximity boarders with Democratic Republic of Congo. Waterborne diseases such as cholera are the burden of all areas along the River Nile, so teams are also providing water, sanitation and hygiene services and supplies in Upper Nile State, where some 250 000 people are in need of support.

The mission also focused on contribute to preventing/reducing the prevalence of epidemics, water borne diseases and malnutrition through integrated Wash in health and WaSH in nutrition approaches in rural and urban settings in Western Bahr El Ghazal with a strong collaboration with others actors.

An additional emergency programme in Aburoc aims at transferring water from the River Nile, some 20 kilometres away, to the 13 000 displaced and host populations affected by lack of access to water.

Our impact

water sanitation

Water, sanitation and hygiene

168 428 people helped

– Water trucking
– Water treatment
– Supply of basic water, sanitation and hygiene items
– Rehabilitation of boreholes
– Rehabilitation of water points
– Installation of surface water treatment units
– Water chlorination prevention and cholera responses
– Construction of latrines
– Hygiene awareness campaigns
– Support to community based cholera alert and surveillance system
– Infection prevention and control in a health facility

food security

Food security and livelihood support

21 194 people helped

– Food distributions
– Caring for acute malnutrition cases
– Training to Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) to detect malnutrition
– Provided agricultural training

Emergency response to population movements

256 215 poeple helped

– Providing emergency drinking water
– Distributed hygiene kits
– Constructed emergency latrines
– Maintained latrines

Should you have any questions, please contact Justine Muzik Piquemal.

Justine Muzik Piquemal

In the world


At head office