The priority of access to water in Ethiopian refugee camps in Sudan
7,100,000 people suffering fromsevere food insecurity
1,100,000 refugees
57,000 ethiopian refugees registered in Tunaydbah camp
21,000 people helped


Since November 4, 2020, the Tigray region of Ethiopia has experienced a clash between central government forces in Addis Ababa and the forces of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) in Mekelle, the provincial capital.

These clashes have direct repercussions at the regional level, particularly in the border area between Ethiopia, Sudan and Eritrea. Between November 4 and December 14, the UNHCR and the Sudan Refugee Commission (SRC) recorded the arrival of 50,339 refugees from Ethiopia. Refugees entered Sudan primarily through the Hamdayet entry point in Kassala State or through Lugdi and Abderafi in Gedaref State. The transitional government of Sudan has kept its borders open to facilitate the entry of refugees seeking safety in Kassala and Gedaref states.

This massive influx of refugees comes on top of an already difficult humanitarian context in Sudan. Indeed, over the past five years, Sudan has seen an overall increase in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance from 5.4 million in 2015 to 12.7 million in 2021. Climate change and the economic crisis, including high inflation and rising prices for basic necessities such as food, medicine, and other commodities, have led to a significant increase in food insecurity and other needs.

On November 24, 2020, an interagency refugee emergency response plan was put in place. The risk analysis led to a best-case scenario that estimates the refugee population at 100,000 within 6 months, and in the worst-case scenario at 200,000 in the same period. While the number of refugees entering Sudan appears to be decreasing from the more massive flow observed from November 10-15 (up to 6,500 persons/day), it remains continuous and fluctuates between 100 and 400 individuals/day. As of August 26, 2021, 63,110 refugees have been officially registered by UNHCR.

From the 3 main entry points from Ethiopia into Sudan (Hamdayet, Lugdi, and Abdrafi) and after registration, refugees fleeing the clashes in Ethiopia are currently housed or being relocated in 2 main camps: Um Rakuba and Tunaydbah in Gedaref State, eastern Sudan. Tunaydbah, the largest, opened on January 3, 2021, and three months later was hosting 20,609 people.

  • 43 million inhabitants
  • 56% of poverty rate
  • 170th out of 189 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2004 (Darfour), 2020
  • Team 4 international staff
    20 national staff
  • Budget 2,7M€

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL’s main objective in Sudan is to contribute to the provision of life-saving water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services and to fill the urgent WASH gaps for the refugee population and host communities in Gedaref State.

Within this framework, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is providing an emergency life-saving WASH response to refugees arriving in the newly established camp in Gedaref State (Tunaydbah) and addressing the critical lack of access to water in Village 8 as relocation efforts continue.

Activities undertaken include:

  • emergency access to potable water, through water trucking and construction of water points to increase the amount of water available to at least 20 L/pers/day
  • emergency sanitation through the construction and maintenance of emergency sanitation facilities to ensure safety and dignity for newly relocated refugees
  • distribution of hygiene kits to improve hygiene practices
  • hygiene promotion activities with a special focus on areas prone to waterborne and hygiene deficient diseases


Our impact

water sanitation

Water, sanitation and hygiene

– Construction of 60 latrines and 60 emergency showers
– Distribution of 1 000 hygiene kits
– Transport d’eau par camion en cours
– Constructions de points d’eau en cours

Should you have any questions, please contact Contact Emmanuel Rinck

Emmanuel Rinck


At head office