While Mozambican security forces have been the main target of the insurgency, since 2018 civilians have also been targeted, triggering massive population displacements.
The violence caused by the conflict, combined with climatic shocks – primarily the increase in the frequency of cyclones – continues to displace residents and exacerbate the humanitarian crisis in the northern regions of the country, which were already among the poorest before the conflict. In December 2020, before the capture of the city of Palma by the insurgents, more than 670,000 people had already been displaced in the provinces of Cabo Delgado, Nampula, Niassa and Zambezia.
Cholera cases have increased in Cabo Delgado, particularly affecting displaced people, with serious disruptions to basic social services, as well as health, water, sanitation and hygiene resources. The conflict led to the destruction (or interruption of services) of 36% of health facilities in the province, and by the end of 2020, there were no longer functional clinics in the districts most affected by the conflict (such as Mocimboa da Praia, Macomia, Muidumbe and Quissanga). However, the situation is changing very quickly, particularly with the recent resumption of control of these areas by the Mozambican security forces and their allies. The COVID-19 epidemic continues to strain the country’s fragile health system, and there is extremely limited access to water, sanitation and hygiene resources.
During the last quarter of 2020, more than 2.7 million people experienced severe acute food insecurity in Mozambique, including at least 840,000 in the regions of Cabo Delgado, Niassa, and Nampula alone.
The volatility of the situation and the increase in violence has also had an impact on humanitarian access. Despite growing needs, particularly in the northern districts of Cabo Delgado, humanitarian organizations have faced extraordinary challenges, , infrastructure, and administrative obstacles.
- 30.37 million inhabitants
- 46,1% of poverty rate
- 181st out of 189 on the Human Development Index
opened in 2019, 2021
4 international staff
15 national staff
- Budget 500,000€
SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL intervened in Mozambique in March 2019, following the passage of cyclone Idai, which had severely affected the province of Sofala and the city of Beira. Following the recent conflicts in the province of Cabo Delgado, such as the several cyclones and the violent actions of armed groups affiliated with the Islamic State, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL carried out an assessment in May 2021 to reopen the mission in Mozambique. The assessment, carried out in the most affected districts, revealed acute needs, particularly in the water, sanitation and hygiene sectors, to help the 700,000 people who had to relocate.
Since then, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has provided an urgent response to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) needs, as well as emergency shelter and food assistance needs for displaced populations and host communities in different districts of the province of Cabo Delgado.
In addition to the emergency response, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL also ensures long-term access to services by strengthening infrastructures and their governance.
Faced with extensive population needs and in coordination with the competent authorities, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has decided to open a Country Office in the area to provide multi-sectoral aid to the affected populations. Thus, since the beginning of September, our teams have been able to provide drinking water, make emergency latrines available, and distribute food, tarpaulins, blankets, hygiene kits and other essential goods to newly displaced households in the province of Cabo Delgado. Finally, we strive to improve sanitation in transit sites, and in towns and villages hosting displaced persons.
UNICEF, UNHCR, PAM, OIM, Start Fund
Water, sanitation and hygiene
– Distribution of emergency kits to recently displaced people
– Establishment of a water trucking system in the sites of those displaced
– Improvements in the drinking water supply network
Should you have any questions, please contact Emmanuel Rinck
At head office