In Kachin State, 17 years after agreeing to a ceasefire, 2011 saw the resumption of war between the Burmese Army and the Kachin Independence Army, internally displacing over 100,000 people. As of 2018, 92,000 people remain displaced in over 160 camps or camp-like settings across Kachin, with 50% of sites located in areas with limited humanitarian access.
In Rakhine State, one of the poorest in the country and regularly exposed to natural disasters, conflicts between Muslim and Buddhist communities broke out in 2012, displacing more than 140,000 people. 129,000 people remain displaced in 36 camps in Rakhine, without any freedom of movement and quasi non-existent health and education services.
2016 witnessed the intensification of violence in both Kachin and Rakhine States. In Northern Rakhine State, attacks on border guard police in October 2016 and again in August 2017, resulted in army-led security operations which internally displaced 25,000 people and made over 730,000 people flee to Bangladesh. In Kachin and neighboring Shan State, the conflict reached an intensity rarely seen since 2011, displacing an additional 35,000. Several people remain reticent to return home due to high tensions, lack of livelihoods and the risk of landmines.
The displaced living in Myanmar, are very dependent on humanitarian aid for both food and water supplies, while health and education services are almost non-existent.
- 53,8 millions inhabitants
- 26% poverty rate
- 145th out of 188 on the Human Development Index
opened in 2008
- Team 17 international staff
289 national staff
- Budget €5 M
Displaced families from Kachin and Rakhine States live in extremely challenging sanitary conditions, which is why our teams have made safe drinking water a priority, along with hygiene and sanitation, in both IDP camps and host villages.
Those fleeing violence and natural disasters often arrive in camps having left everything behind, and emergency accommodation is set up. The majority of the displaced populations have lost their source of income and find themselves highly dependent on food aid. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is introducing income-generating activities such as chicken breeding and vegetable gardening for displaced populations, most of whom are unable to leave the camp very often, or even at all. This gives them a way to regain their independence and a job or activity, as well as vary their diets nutritionally.
Implementing Partner: OXFAM, Kachin Baptist Convention (KCB – local partner in Kachin), Wunpawng Ninghtoi (WPN –local partner in Kachin), RRD (Rakhine Department for Rural Development)
Water, sanitation and hygiene and shelter/NFI
111,700 people helped
– Constructed/restored water points and latrines
– Distributed water by tanker-truck
– Tested the water
– Constructed hand-washing stations
– Constructed ponds
– Managed and incinerated waste
– Managed and treated liquid waste
– Distributed hygiene kits
– Distributed water purifying kits
– Distributed ceramic water filters
– Constructed and maintained drainage canals
– Conducted hygiene awareness sessions
– Constructed a sludge treatment system
– Implemented cash-for-work programs
– Distributed shelter kits
– Distributed NFI kits
Food security and livelihood support
4,620 people helped
– Distributed cash
– Distributed farm implements
– Distributed fertilizer
– Provided training in sack farming
– Provided training in the production of compost
– Provided training in management
– Developed a vocational training program
– Developed mushroom production in camps
Should you have any questions, please contact Raphaëlle Goepfert.
News from Myanmar
Myanmar: life in Rakhine camps 2/2
Myanmar: life in Rakhine camps 1/2
Kachin, Myanmar: a semblance of their former life
Kachin, Myanmar: families displaced countless times
Myanmar: recovering livelihoods in Kachin camps
Myanmar: meeting with persons affected by conflict and displaced
At head office