www.solidarites.org

Myanmar

Increasingly forgotten conflicts
981,000 people in humanitarian need
260,000 displaced people in 183 camp-like settlements due to violence in Rakhine and Kachin States since 2011
50% of vulnerable people have a restricted access to humanitarian assistance
161,000 people helped

Context

Myanmar has been prey to internal conflicts since Myanmar declared independence in 1948.

In Kachin State, 17 years after agreeing to a ceasefire, 2011 saw the resumption of war between the Burmese Army and the Kachin Independence Army, internally displacing over 100,000 people. As of 2019, 104,000 people remain displaced in about 160 camps or camp-like settlements across Kachin, with 50% of the sites located in areas with restricted humanitarian access. Even though people have been displaced since 8 years and the situation in Kachin has been relatively calm in the past year, people are not able to return to their villages of origin as no peace agreement has yet been signed, fighting are still ongoing in neighboring State (Northern Shan), high risk of landmines, and no guarantee for them to have access to their land to restore their livelihood opportunities. Some movements are observed in terms of returns (very small caseloads) and the Humanitarian community is also looking for durable solutions in terms of local integration (integration of IDPs near the camps).

In Rakhine State, one of the poorest state in the country and regularly exposed to natural disasters, conflicts between Muslim and Buddhist communities broke out in 2012, displacing more than 140,000 people at the time. Since then, Rakhine State has been going through different waves of violence, reaching the highest level in August 2017 when 740,000 Muslim Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh. As of today, around 120,000 Muslim people remain displaced in 23 camps in Rakhine and around 470,000 are living in villages, in both situations people are facing highly restricted freedom of movement. Since December 2018, conflict between the Burmese Army and the Arakan Army (Buddhist ethnic armed group) has led to 35,000 new displaced persons and access to the northern townships of Rakhine State remains very restricted for Humanitarian actors due to the conflict.

The displaced people living in Myanmar, are very dependent on humanitarian aid for food, water supplies and access to livelihood, health and education services.

  • 53,8 millions inhabitants
  • 26% poverty rate
  • 145th out of 188 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2008
  • Team 18 international staff
    311 national staff
  • Budget €5 M

Displaced families from Kachin and Rakhine States live in extremely challenging sanitary conditions, which is why our teams have made safe drinking water a priority, along with hygiene and sanitation, in both IDP (Internally Displaced People) camps and host villages.

Those fleeing violence and natural disasters often arrive in camps having left everything behind, and emergency accommodation is set up. The majority of the displaced populations have lost their source of income and find themselves highly dependent on food aid. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is introducing income-generating activities such as fish and crab production and vegetable gardening as well as vocational training such as tailoring, motorbike mechanics, beauty salon, phone repairing for displaced populations. As most of them are unable to leave the camp very often, or even at all, this gives them a way to regain their independence and a job or activity, as well as vary their diets nutritionally.

Partners

ECHO, OFDA, DFID/HARP, Myanmar Humanitarian Fund (MHF/OCHA), UNICEF, CIAA, Centre de Crise et de Soutien.(Ministère des affaires étrangères).

Implementing Partner: OXFAM, Kachin Baptist Convention Myitkyina and Kachin Baptist Convention –  Humanitarian and Development Department Bhamo (KBC and KBC – HDD BMO: two local partners in Kachin), Wunpawng Ninghtoi (WPN – local partner in Kachin), KMSS

Our impact

water sanitation

Water, sanitation and hygiene and shelter/NFI

149,085 people helped

– Constructed/restored water points and latrines
– Distributed water by boat and remote pumping during water scarcity season
– Tested the water
– Constructed hand-washing stations
– Constructed ponds
– Managed and incinerated waste
– Managed and treated liquid waste
– Distributed hygiene and menstrual kits
– Distributed water purifying kits
– Distributed ceramic water filters
– Constructed and maintained drainage canals
– Conducted hygiene awareness sessions
– Constructed a sludge treatment system
– Implemented cash-for-work programs
– Distributed shelter kits
– Distributed NFI kits

food security

Food security and livelihood support

31,767 people helped

– Distributed cash
– Distributed farm tools
– Distributed fertilizer
– Provided training in sack farming, home gardening and hanging gardening
– Provided training in the production of compost
– Developed fish and crab production in camps
– Developed mushroom production in camps
– Provided training in management
– Developed a vocational training program

Should you have any questions, please contact Raphaëlle Goepfert.

Raphaëlle Goepfert

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