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The Sahel between war and nutrition

Published on Wednesday 5 December 2018

Struck by conflict and drought, populations in the Sahel, including Chad, are heavily impacted by malnutrition.

Située entre le désert du Sahara et les régions d’Afrique tropicales, la région du Sahel est lourdement affectée par son climat. Au Tchad, la sécheresse qui sévit en quasi continuité depuis de nombreuses années entrave le développement économique du pays et éprouve durement les conditions de vie de la population qui vit dans la misère depuis bien trop longtemps.

Struck by conflict and drought, populations in the Sahel, including Chad, are heavily impacted by malnutrition.

Located between the Sahara desert and African tropical regions, the Sahel region is heavily impacted by its climate. For several years, an almost continuous drought, has been hampering Chad’s economic development and severely affecting the living conditions of the population, who have been living in poverty for far too long.

MALNUTRITION OUT OF CONTROL

In a country where agricultural land is mostly unusable or damaged, food insecurity prevails. The 4.3% rate of severe acute malnutrition in the Batha region is twice as high as the alert threshold set by the World Health Organisation.

“Children under 5 years of age suffering are from severe acute malnutrition and have a very low weight/height ratio, resulting in rapid weight loss. They are therefore much more likely to fall ill and have a 5 to 20 times higher risk of death than properly fed children,” explains Caroline Courtois, Head of operations for SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL in the Sahel.

In the Batha region, in the centre of the country, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL teams have been working since 2012 to prevent malnutrition among pregnant and lactating women, as well as children aged 6 to 59 months. They distribute food supplements and money, food supplements and money to families with the most alarming food situation so they can meet their basic needs. As child mortality and maternal health are directly linked to malnutrition, our teams are doing everything possible to hinder the disease.

STRENGTHENING POPULATIONS’ RESILIENCE

Renforcer la résilience des populations

Fighting malnutrition also requires sustainable solutions to strengthen populations’ resilience to the climate. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL teams are implementing activities to facilitate recovery and develop damaged agricultural land.

Our teams distribute vouchers that allow families to buy the agricultural inputs and tools of their choice. “Cash for work” actions are also developed, granting occasional income generation opportunities to the inhabitants to give them the capacity to respond to their food needs and to participate in the revitalisation of the local economy.

distribution-chevres-tchad

In local culture, livestock means savings. Therefore, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL also distributes goats to the most vulnerable herders. All these actions constitute a direct support for Chadian populations, which are too often powerless in the face of conflicts and malnutrition.

This project was supported by the French Comité interministériel d’aide alimentaire, the World Food Programme and the European Union.

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  • 13 million inhabitants
  • 47.5% poverty rate
  • 184th out of 188 on the Human Development Index
  • 34,103 people helped