www.solidarites.org

Niger

Multiple crises in the heart of the Sahel
3.2 million people in need
9.5 million people live below the extreme poverty line
257 100 internally displaced persons and 229 5000 refugees in october 2020
9 050 people helped

Context

Despite development prospects and improvements in people's living standards in recent decades, the humanitarian situation in Niger is tending to deteriorate, especially in rural areas.

The structural difficulties affecting the country are aggravated by cyclical factors, such as recurrent epidemics (Covid-19, cholera, typhoid, polio, etc.), chronic food insecurity, malnutrition, natural disasters (frequent flooding episodes) and population displacements linked to a difficult regional context which is having a growing impact on Niger.

The Diffa area (eastern Niger) is home to 115,000 refugees and 109,000 displaced persons fleeing conflict in Nigeria. In 2019, the Maradi zone (centre of the country) was sheltering 41,000 refugees fleeing the exactions of criminal armed gangs in Nigeria. Finally, the areas of Tillabéry and Tahoua in the west are the refuge of 76,000 IDPs and 53,000 Malian refugees who have been disrupted by the growing activities of the various armed groups present in the so-called Tri-border area.

The region of Tillabéry, in the west of Niger, contains all the country’s problems. In the North, the border area with Mali is subject to frequent incursions by various armed groups and inter-community troubles.

This context development has two major impacts on the humanitarian situation. For one, border areas are experiencing a decline in public services (clean water, health, education, etc.), but these areas are also less and less accessible to NGOs. On the other hand, this situation is creating population movements from border areas to larger localities within the region. These displacements are made in areas whose infrastructures, which were already struggling to provide services to the local population (access to clean drinking water was only 45%), are now completely out of capacity.

In August 2020, flooding due to heavy rainfall affected Niger. Many areas of the country have been affected. More specifically, the regions of Tillaberi and Maradi counted 8,211 and 14,481 households damaged, as well as the city of Niamey, where 17,528 households were affected by the floods. Those affected initially left their flooded residential areas to take refuge in 67 schools. Schools are, indeed, traditionally considered and used as places of refuge or fallback in this type of disaster. There is an average of 167 households per school, although there are great disparities according to location and a very high concentration in the commune 5 of Niamey, with 42 identified sites. At the time of the floods, the schools were unoccupied because the school year had not yet started. On the arrival of the disaster victims; evaluations showed that the schools did not have WASH coverage to the required standards. Coordination between the actors then made it possible to improve access to water (MSF-F and SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL) but also to sanitation and hygiene promotion (SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL).

  • 22,44 million inhabitants
  • 41,41% poverty rate
  • 189th out of 189 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2020 (re-opening)
  • Team 3 international staff
    4 national staff
  • Budget 720 000€

After intervening for the first time in Niger in 2006, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL once again opened a mission in the country from 2012 to 2015, following heavy flooding and the influx of Malian refugees, in order to overcome the destruction of numerous health infrastructures, prevent the spread of water-borne diseases and provide its expertise in the fight against malnutrition.

In 2020, the situation in the country is again getting worse and SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is taking new actions to improve water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in the four departments evaluated. In addition, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is starting to work in the communities dependent on these health centres in order to improve coverage in terms of access to sufficient clean water. These actions benefit both displaced populations, who are the most affected by the humanitarian crisis, and host populations for whom access to water and healthcare services is also deteriorating due to the reduced presence of state services and population growth due to population displacement. Following the floods that heavily affected the country, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL decided to intervene, and in coordination with the DRHA, MSF-OCP and the Niger Red Cross Solidarités made sure to provide emergency support in water, hygiene and sanitation to the affected households in communes 4 and 5 of Niamey, relocated first to schools, then to relocation sites. Several activities have been implemented, such as the installation of drinking water storage points and their supply, the distribution of hand-washing facilities and hygiene promotion activities, and the construction and maintenance of latrines. Finally, in November 2020 SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL carried out a diagnosis in the department of Torodi, with a perspective of extending its actions to a new intervention zone in the region of Tillabéry.

Our impact

water sanitation

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL carried out an emergency intervention during the floods that hit the country. Within the framework of this intervention several actions were carried out:

– Distribution of 500 hygiene kits COVID-19
– Distribution of 30 COVID-19 handwashing kits in 9 schools benefiting 8 543 schoolchildren
– On 18 October 2019, a handwashing day event was organised at Tassi Konou School, 440 students participated in the event
Maintenance and emptying of latrines in 11 schools and implementation of waste management systems
13 awareness-raising sessions were held; most of the mass sessions and focus group discussions enabled 783 people to be reached live
– Setting up 5 water posts of 5m3 at schools benefiting 2 044 people
– Installation and supply of 5 water posts of 5m3 on the Gamou relocation camp benefiting 4 356 people
– In the relocation camp of the Hippodrome, creation of 20 committees in charge of the maintenance and cleaning of the latrines
– 109 awareness sessions were held on site, directly affecting 1010 people

Should you have any questions, please contact Contact Emmanuel Rinck

Emmanuel Rinck

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