www.solidarites.org

Niger

Multiple crises in the heart of the Sahel
3.7 million people in need
9.5 million people live below the extreme poverty line
283,124 internally displaced persons and 249,852 refugees as of August 2021
6,068 people helped

Context

In Niger, despite the positive development prospects and improvements in the standard of living of the population in recent decades, the humanitarian situation tends to deteriorate, especially in rural areas.

The structural difficulties affecting the country are exacerbated by cyclical factors such as recurrent disease outbreaks (Covid-19, Cholera, Typhoid, polio, and so on), chronic food insecurity, child malnutrition, natural disasters (frequent flooding) and the displacement of people due a difficult regional context and its growing impact on the country. The Diffa region, in the eastern part of Niger, hosts 115,000 refugees and 109,000 displaced people who have fled conflicts in Nigeria. In 2019, Maradi region, in the center of the country, hosted 41,000 refugees fleeing abuse from criminal armed groups in Nigeria. Finally, western Niger’s Tillaberi and Tahoua regions host 76,000 internally displaced people and 53,000 Malian refugees who have fled due to the growing activities of the various armed groups present in the tri-border area between Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger.

Tillaberi is indeed a region that concentrates all the problems the country is facing. In the north, the border area with Mali is subject to frequent incursions by various armed groups and inter-community conflicts.

This situation has two major impacts on the humanitarian situation. On the one hand, border areas are experiencing a decline in public services (drinking water, health, education, etc.), but these areas are also less and less accessible to NGOs. On the other hand, it creates displacement of populations from the border areas to larger communities in the region. These displacements are taking place in areas where the infrastructures, which could barely meet the local populations’ needs (access to drinking water was only 45%), are now completely overwhelmed.

In August 2020, heavy rainfall and subsequent flooding hit many areas in Niger. More specifically, the regions of Tillaberi and Maradi had 8,211 and 14,481 households affected respectively, as well as the city of Niamey, where 17,528 households were hit by flooding[1]. The affected people initially left their flooded houses and took refuge in 67 schools. Schools are usually considered and used as places of refuge or retreat during this type of disaster. There is an average of 167 households per school, although there are great disparities depending on the location and a very high concentration in commune 5 of Niamey, where 42 sites were identified. At the time of the floods, the schools were unoccupied because the school year had not yet started. When the affected populations settled, assessments showed a lack of appropriate WASH facilities in the schools. The coordination between the actors then made it possible to improve access to water (MSF-F and SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL) but also to sanitation and hygiene promotion (SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL).

[1] figures as of October 12, 2020 from the weekly meeting of the ministry of hydraulics and sanitation (MAH, for its acronym in French)

  • 23.31 million inhabitants
  • 45.41% poverty rate
  • 189th out of 189 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2020 (re-opening)
  • Team 3 international staff
    7 national staff
  • Budget 1,071,865€

Having intervened in Niger for the first time in 2006, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL opened a new mission in the country, from 2012 to 2015, following heavy flooding and the influx of Malian refugees, in order to compensate for the destruction of many health infrastructures, to prevent the spread of water-borne diseases and to provide its expertise in the fight against malnutrition.

In 2020, the situation in the country has taken a turn for the worse once again, and SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL began new actions to improve water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in the four departments evaluated. In addition, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is starting to work in communities dependent on these health centers to increase their access to safe and sufficient drinking water. These actions benefit both the displaced populations, who are the most affected by the humanitarian crisis, and the host populations, for whom access to water and health care services is also deteriorating due to the decline in public services and the demographic growth caused by population displacement.

Following the floods that severely affected the country, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL decided to intervene. In coordination with the regional directorate of hydraulics and sanitation (DRHA, for its acronym in French), MSF-F and the Nigerien Red Cross, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL provided emergency water, hygiene and sanitation support to the affected households (initially sheltered in schools and then in relocation sites) in communes 4 and 5 of Niamey. Several activities were implemented, such as the installation of drinking water storage points and their supply, the distribution of hand-washing kits and hygiene promotion activities, and the construction and maintenance of latrines.

Finally, in November 2020, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL conducted a diagnosis in Tillaberi’s Torodi department, with a view to expanding its activities to a new area of intervention in the region.

Partners

Mercy Corps, CDCS, ECHO

Our impact

water sanitation

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)

Approximately 70,000 beneficiaries

– Rehabilitation and construction of community water points
– Revitalization, training and equipping of water points management committees
– WASH emergency assistance to displaced, returnees and host populations
– Improvement and continuation of WASH services and compliance with hygiene protocols in health facilities
– Assistance to departmental WASH technical services for the maintenance of water infrastructures
– Revitalization, training, recycling and donation of equipment/consumables to the hygienists and staff of the Integrated Health Centers.
– Distribution of hygiene kits

Should you have any questions, please contact Contact Emmanuel Rinck

Emmanuel Rinck

In the world

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