www.solidarites.org

Niger

The Sahel shaken by several crisis
187,000 internally displaced people and 218,000 refugees
30% access to drinking water un rural areas and 57% in urban areas
9,050 people helped

Context

Despite the development opportunities and the improvement of living standards in the past few decades, the Niger is facing a declining humanitarian situation, especially in rural areas.

The structural issues affecting the country are worsened by cyclical factors such as recurrent diseases (Covid-19, cholera, typhoid, polio…) chronical food insecurity, malnutrition, natural disasters (recurrent floods) and the displacement of population due to a harsh regional context with a growing impact on the Niger. The Diffa region, in the east of Niger, is the home to 115,000 refugees and 109,000 displaced people fleeing the conflict in Nigeria. In 2019, the region of Maradi, located in the central Niger, was a shelter to 41,000 refugees fleeing the exactions committed by criminal armed groups in Nigeria. Lastly, the districts of Tillabéri and Tahoua in the west are home to 76,000 internally displaced persons and 53,000 Malian refugees disrupted by the growing activities of the various armed groups present in the so-called tri-border area.

All the issues of the country are gathered in the Tillabéri region in the west of Niger. In the north, the Malian border is regularly ridden with frequent raids by various armed groups and intercommunity disturbances. This changing context has two major impacts on the humanitarian situation. On one hand, the border areas are experiencing a decline of public services such as drinking water, sanitation or education, but these areas are also becoming less accessible to NGOs. On the other hand, this situation leads to population movements from the border areas to the bigger localities inside the region. These displacements are taking place in areas whose infrastructures, which were already struggling to provide services to the local population (access to drinking water was only of 45%), are now completely out of capacity.

  • 22,44 million inhabitants
  • 45,41% poverty rate
  • 189th out of 189 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in 2020 (re-opening)
  • Team 2 international staff
    10 national staff
  • Budget 400,000 €

Previously present in Niger in 2006, the heavy floods in 2012 and the influx of Malian refugees had prompted SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL to reopen a mission until 2015 to alleviate the destruction of many health infrastructures, prevent the spread of waterborne diseases and bring its expertise in the fight against malnutrition.

In 2020, as the situation once again deteriorates in the country, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL runs new actions to improve water, sanitation and hygiene services (WASH) in the four departments evaluated, and to specifically support the current “health and nutrition” response in health facilities. In addition, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL will start to work in the communities dependent on its health facilities to improve coverage in terms of access to drinking water. These actions will benefit both the displaced populations, who are the most affected by the humanitarian crisis, and the host communities for which the access to water and health services is also deteriorating due to a lack of state services and population growth due to population displacement.

Our impact

WATER, HYGIENE AND SANITATION

Around 9050 people helped

In integrated health centers:

  • Construction and rehabilitation of 3 independent water points in health centers
  • Construction and rehabilitation of 10 latrines points and handwashing facility
  • Distribution of hygiene kits in support of the treatment of severely malnourished children in health centers supported by nutrition partners
  • Training and reinforcement of 50 hygienists and health personnel in the maintenance and care of WASH infrastructures, and in the maintenance of hygienic conditions
  • Reinforcement of hygiene committees in health centers and support in maintenance supplies/materials and waste management

Among communities:

  • Rehabilitation of 8 community or of collective use water points in the 4 districts of intervention
  • Reinforcement of 8 committees in charge of managing the restored water points
  • Emergency water distribution to 100 displaced households without access to sufficient and safe water in internally displaced persons sites
  • Distribution of WASH kits to 300 recently displaced households

Should you have any questions, please contact Thierry Benlahsen,

Thierry Benlahsen

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