According to the INFORM 2019 ranking, which takes into account factors such as exposure to risk, the situation of affected populations and the complexity of the crisis, Haiti is ranked 14th in the world among the most vulnerable countries (out of 193).
On 3 October 2016, Hurricane Matthew devastated the entire southern peninsula of Haiti, affecting 2.1 million people, including 1.24 million in the departments of GrandAnse and Sud. In 2017, Hurricanes Irma and Maria, both Category 5 hurricanes, also stormed Haiti.
In October 2018, a new earthquake struck the North, North-West and Artibonite departments, affecting 157,000 people.
In 2019, the Haitian context was also highly marked by political, economic and social crises resulting from violent protests and repeated roadblocks. The almost total shutdown of the country during the months of February, June, September and October 2019 has hampered the functioning of key sectors (political, economic and public), worsening the already critical humanitarian needs due to structural factors. Detected in March 2020 in Haiti, Covid-19 pandemic was added to this already volatile and fragile context. From a health perspective, although the COVID-19 crisis has had a significant decrease in its impact on the territory, the consequences on households in precarious and vulnerable situations have been major (economic slowdown, isolation, curfews, confinement, closure of air, land and sea borders, closure of schools, etc.), leading to a decrease in income for more than 85% of Haitian households and an increase of almost 10% in the unemployment rate.
In October 2020, Haiti was ranked 104th out of 107 countries on the Global Hunger Index 2020 with 1.2 million people in a CPI4* situation and 3 million in a CPI3* situation.
Throughout the country, access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is very difficult. For instance, 26% of the population has no access to an improved water source (40% in rural areas). A total of 690,000 people are considered to be in urgent need in this sector, with great difficulty in accessing drinking water, sanitation and basic hygiene products. At the same time,almost 1.6 million people are still in need of shelter and non-food items.
The lack of infrastructure exposes people living in camps or makeshift housing to serious risks in the event of new natural disasters or epidemics such as cholera and COVID-19.
*The Integrated Food Security Classification Framework (IPC) from IPC 1 to IPC 5 (hunger) is a set of analytical tools and processes to analyse and classify the severity of food insecurity according to international scientific standards.
- 10.9 million inhabitants
- 55% of the population live below the poverty line
- 169th out of 189 on the Human Development Index
opened in From 2004 to 2007, then since 2010
10 international staff
170 national staff
- Budget 5.5M€ (in 2020) et 3.3M€ planned in 2021
After 2010, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL got involved in preventing and tackling the cholera outbreak which highly affected Haiti. As a matter of fact, since 2010, 783 458 suspected cases (including 9792 deaths) have been officially registered. The epidemic is currently in the elimination phase, as no confirmed cases of cholera have been reported since February 2019.
This shows that the efforts made within the framework of the alert and response system have been fruitful.
Given the risks of a resurgence linked to border crossings, precarious sanitary conditions and hygiene practices, our teams continue to adapt and implement cholera prevention projects, while including appropriate responses to abnormal epidemiological phenomena.
In 2020, the fight against COVID-19 was therefore added to the cholera response systems.
To prevent any resurgence, water and sanitation infrastructure has been built in households as well as in the public sector, including schools and health centres. In case of emergency, a rapid intervention mechanism has also been implemented. Prior, distributions of kits, hygiene and chlorination training in households and the construction of emergency sanitation facilities were implemented.
The WASH component of our action is fundamentally based on the involvement of organisations and community leaders, to enable the real involvement of local populations.
In the area of food security, our teams are developing a complementary approach, aiming to cover the most urgent needs of vulnerable populations while strengthening their resilience capacities.
Indeed, this sector is currently the one that accounts for the largest number of people in need. In Grande Anse and in the Port-au-Prince Metropolitan Area, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL organises cash and food voucher distributions to cover the basic needs of the populations.
At the same time, and with the support of partners, the teams have organised food and nutrition fairs and are carrying out actions in favour of the relaunch of promising sectors, particularly agriculture, fish farming and livestock breeding.
Emphasis is also put on the fight against malnutrition, which in 2020 affected 65,530 children under the age of five.
SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL also works continuously on disaster risk management and emergency preparedness with a wide public by committing itself to the structural improvement of shelters, the reinforcement of the populations’ capacities of preparation and resistance to shocks of any kind.
In order to facilitate the return to dignified living conditions, and to compensate for the inadequacy of state structures, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL contributes to strengthening the resilience capacity of populations while reinforcing governance and institutions in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector.
In 2020 : UNICEF, CIAA, CDCS, EUROPEAID, ECHO, OIM, Agence de l’eau Artois Picardie, SENEO et Communauté d’Agglomération de Béthune-Bruay
Goals for 2021 : FFP, OFDA, AFD
Access to water, sanitation and hygiene
699 762 beneficiaries
– Distribution of cholera, hygiene, cleaning and service kits as well as emergency kits
– Emergency sanitation of infected households (cholera, COVID-19) and strengthening of drainage systems in the most vulnerable sites
– Chlorination points installations
– Rehabilitation of water points, hand-washing points, showers and latrines
– Rehabilitation of solid waste management and laundry facilities in health centres
– Training of basic community organisations, merchants, health workers and community leaders on good hygiene practices, housing hygiene and infrastructure maintenance
– Awareness-raising sessions for populations (markets, schools, health centres, door-to-door, radio, rallies…)
Food security and livelihoods
28 877 beneficiaries
– Cash distribution
– Distribution of food vouchers
– Organisation of agricultural fairs
– Distribution of improved fishing equipment and fish dryers
– Distribution of agricultural inputs and seed kits
– Awareness-raising sessions on food hygiene, good nutritional habits and the fight against malnutrition
– Training of fishermen’s associations, farmers’ associations, women’s groups and organisations of people with disabilities
Preparedness to risk of disaster
11 620 beneficiaries
– Elaboration of municipal plans
– Organisation of simulation activities in the event of a disaster or emergency alert (SIMEX)
– Rehabilitation and upgrading to WASH standards of community shelters in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area
– Rehabilitation of supply lines at risk of flooding
– Excreta treatment and solid waste management in emergency shelters
– Raising awareness of disaster early warning and good hygiene and sanitation practices
Should you have any questions, please contact Justine Muzik Piquemal.
News from Haiti
Haiti: overview on our response one year after Hurricane Matthew
Haiti: mission accomplished in Christ Roi
HAITI: HOW TO PREVENT CHOLERA FROM CHILDHOOD
Haiti, hurricane Matthew: “I am forced to buy unsafe water”
Hurricane Matthew in Haiti: one week after the horror
Haiti: The response to the threat of cholera
At head office