www.solidarites.org

Haiti

For a sustainable recovery in a context of deep and widespread crisis
14% of households have access to water in their homes
4.4 million people, or 46% of the population, are in a food insecurity situation
243 522 people helped

Context

With a gross domestic product and a human development index among the lowest in the world, Haiti is the poorest country in the Northern Hemisphere.

In 2019, the Haitian context was strongly marked by political, economic and social crises that resulted in violent demonstrations and repeated roadblocks. The almost total paralysis of the country during the months of February, June, September, and October 2019 hampered the functioning of essential sectors (political, economic, and public), aggravating the already critical humanitarian needs.

In July 2021, the assassination of the President of the Republic exacerbated these crises and the political situation in the country has remained highly complex and unpredictable ever since. An upsurge in gang violence has led to the displacement of hundreds of families and complicated the delivery of humanitarian aid to the southern regions. Access to food is very difficult for many households due to rising food prices. Access to water, hygiene and sanitation remains very difficult throughout the country, exposing the population to serious risks in the event of epidemics such as cholera. 26% of the population has no access to an improved water source (40% in rural areas). At the same time, nearly 1.6 million people are still in need of shelter and non-food items.

Due to its geographical position, the country is directly exposed to the crossing of cyclones and seismic shocks. According to the INFORM 2019 ranking, which takes into account factors such as exposure to risk, the situation of the affected populations and the complexity of the crisis, Haiti ranks as the 14th most vulnerable country in the world (out of 193).

In August 2021, the southwestern part of the country was hit by another  earthquake of a magnitude of 7.2, followed 2 days later by the passage of the tropical storm Grace causing flooding. 2,200 people died, 130,000 homes were destroyed, water systems were damaged and 650,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance in this already very vulnerable region (IPC 3 area with pockets of IPC 4 before the earthquake).

Declared in March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has been added to this already volatile and fragile context in Haiti. From a health point of view, although the COVID-19 crisis has officially seen a significant decrease in incidence in the country, the consequences on households in precarious and vulnerable situations have been important (slowdown of the economy, isolation, curfew, quarantine, closure of the air, land and sea borders, closure of schools, etc.), leading to a decrease in income and an increase in the unemployment rate. In addition, the limited means of the health authorities distort the reading of the extent of the crisis, leading to fears of a greater impact than reported.

  • 10.9 million inhabitants (2020)
  • 60% of the population live below the poverty line
  • 170th out of 189 on the Human Development Index

Our action

  • Mission
    opened in From 2004 to 2007, then since 2010
  • Team 5 international staff
    32 national staff
  • Budget 2.8M€

After 2010, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL was involved in the prevention and response to the cholera epidemic that heavily affected Haiti until 2019. Faced with the risks of resurgence linked to border crossings, precarious sanitary conditions and hygiene practices, our teams continue to adapt and implement cholera prevention projects while including appropriate responses to abnormal epidemiological phenomena. As of 2020, the control of COVID-19 has been added to the cholera response systems.

To prevent any resurgence, water and sanitation infrastructure has been built in households as well as in the public sector, including schools and health centers. A rapid response mechanism has also been put in place in case of emergency. Upstream, kits were distributed, hygiene and chlorination training was provided in households and emergency sanitation facilities were built. The Water, Hygiene and Sanitation component of our action is based on the involvement of community organizations and leaders, to allow a real involvement of local populations.

In terms of food security, our teams are developing a complementary approach that aims to cover the most urgent needs of vulnerable populations while strengthening their resilience. Indeed, this sector is currently the one with the most people in need. In the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL is organizing food coupon distributions to cover the basic needs of the population. In the Grande Anse region, the teams have organized cash and food coupon distributions, as well as actions to revive promising sectors, particularly agriculture, fish farming and livestock. Emphasis is also placed on the fight against malnutrition, which in 2020 affected 134,000 children under the age of five.

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL also works continuously on disaster risk management and emergency response to a wide audience by engaging in structural improvement of shelters, the strengthening of preparation capacity and the resilience of populations to shocks of any kind.

The day after the earthquake of August 14, 2021, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL deployed its teams in the region of Nippes and distributed drinking water, tarps, mosquito nets and hygiene kits. SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL now wishes to continue its response, in particular by rehabilitating damaged water infrastructures.

Partners

UNICEF, CIAA, CDCS, EUROPEAID, ECHO, OIM, Start Fund, Agence de l’eau Artois Picardie, SENEO and Community of the Béthune-Bruay Agglomeration

Our impact

water sanitation

Access to water, sanitation and hygiene

– Distribution of drinking water
– Distribution of hygiene kits, cleaning and maintenance kits, and emergency kits
– Emergency disinfection of infected households (COVID-19) and strengthening of drainage systems in the most vulnerable regions
– Rehabilitation of water points, hand washing points, showers and lavatories
– Rehabilitation of solid waste management and laundry areas in health centers
– Training of Community-based Organizations, merchants, health workers and community leaders on good hygiene practices, housing hygiene and infrastructure maintenance
– Awareness sessions for the population (markets, schools, health centers, door to door, radio, gatherings…)

food security

Food security and livelihoods/nutrition

– Distribution of food stamps
– Distribution of non-restrictive cash
– Distribution of fishing equipment and improved fish dryers
– Distribution of agricultural inputs and seed kits
– Awareness sessions on food hygiene, good nutritional habits and the fight against malnutrition
– Screening and referral of malnutrition cases
– Training of fishermen’s associations, farmers’ associations, women’s groups and organizations of disabled people

Disaster risk planning

– Preparation of communal plans
– Organization of SIMEX (simulation activities in case of a disaster or emergency alert)
– Rehabilitation and upgrading to EHA standards of community shelters in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area
– Rehabilitation of water supply lines representing a risk of flooding
– Excreta treatment and solid waste management in emergency shelters
– Raising awareness of early warning in case of disaster and good hygiene and sanitation practices

Should you have any questions, please contact Justine Muzik Piquemal.

Justine Muzik Piquemal

In the world

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