|11 million people in need of assistance, 3.3 million people internally displaced… Massive waves of displacement are expected in 2017 with operations to retake ISIS-held areas. While some humanitarian assistance has been provided to populations in the southern Mosul corridor and East Mosul, uncovered needs remain dire. Widespread needs in terms of water, sanitation and hygiene assistance and particularly emergency access to safe water, as well as long term rehabilitation of water supply infrastructures are the most acute priorities.
In the Mosul area, humanitarian needs are severe among displaced families in and out of camps, vulnerable residents of newly-retaken communities, and people fleeing fighting in the city. Over 163,000 people were displaced in Ninevah directorate by end of January 2017.
There are five bridges linking eastern and western Mosul city, all of which are too damaged and insecure for people to use to flee. Fighting in Mosul Mosul has triggered large population’s displacements toward the Southern corridor, along the Tigris River, with the three main towns being Qayarah, Haman Al Halil and Al Shura.